Vy Nguyen | 05 Mar 2019
Segal, Borgia and Schoenfeld (2005), define an entrepreneur as someone “who is self- employed, who starts, organizes manages and assumes responsibility for a business [...]”. According to Segal, Borgia and Schoenfeld (2005), an entrepreneur is someone who is willing to accept personal financial risks in order to success. Wickam (2006) is of the same opinion when it comes to the risk taking part of being an entrepreneur. According to Wickam (2006) “ The notion of risk is one that is often associated with the entrepreneur”.
According to Wickam (2006), an entrepreneur is someone who undertakes a particular project and engages himself in achieving an objective. Entrepreneurial is an adjective to describe how the entrepreneur undertakes what he does. An entrepreneur has to perform many tasks:
These are the tasks that an entrepreneur has to perform according to Wickham. Being an entrepreneur is not only about having innovative ideas. It is also about bringing that idea to the market at the right moment and managing the people who would help them in their project. He is the one who is responsible for his venture and most the time he has to accept personal financial risks because the success of their venture is not without risks.
What makes these entrepreneurs ready to take the risks rather than working for someone else? Gillade and Levine (1986, cited in Segal, Borgia and Schoenfeld 2005) explained that individuals are pushed in entrepreneurship by two forces call the Push theory and the Pull theory.
The push theory
The Push theory is when an individual is pushed into entrepreneurship by negative external forces such as job dissatisfaction, difficulty finding job, insufficient salary or inflexible schedule.
The pull theory
The Pull theory is when an individual is seeking to be independent, for self-fulfillment and wealth. Peter (2012) added that one reason why people want to start a company is to “capture what they perceived as an irresistible opportunity or to solve a vexing problem.”
Two forces can push an individual into creating his own company. These two forces could be classified as internal and external forces. The individual could be pushed by the external environment into entrepreneurship in order to make changes. He could also be self-motivated person who wants to solve a problem or share an innovative idea. This force is coming internally to the individual. Before making the decision to step into the world of entrepreneurship, please make sure you are ready to take the risk. But people often say the higher the risk , the greater the return, so why not take that risk?